American Shorthair Vs British Shorthair Cat

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stripe black and white cat lying on the ground

The American Shorthair vs the British Shorthair are two different cat breeds who share some similarities but also have some differences. These differences may be significant enough that people who are deciding which type of cat to get will want to know more information. This article provides an overview of the two cats and compares their features.

The American Shorthair is a domestic short-haired cat, with a medium-sized body length, long head, and long legs which makes them care more for agility than speed. They typically have a golden color with dark gray and brown markings.

The origin of the breed is unknown, but it is believed that this breed were developed from cats introduced by early settlers in North America. It was recognized as a breed in 1890 by the American Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA).

The British Shorthair is an athletic short-haired cat, with larger body length and larger legs. They typically have a blue/gray color, with lighter or darker spots. Their history is almost identical to that of the American Shorthair, with the exception of the British breeds being developed from imported cats from Asia and Europe. They were officially recognized by the CFA in 1903 and were registered as club cats.

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American shorthair vs british shorthair

The American Shorthair originates from the United States. This breed was developed by crossing cats brought by the settlers with short-haired domestic cats of unknown pedigree. The first pair of Shorthairs were registered by the CFA in 1888, and the first champion was registered in 1890.

The name “American” was initially considered but rejected due to possible confusion with older native breeds; therefore, the name “American Shorthair” was adopted instead.

The British cat is a more athletic looking cat. Its appearance is usually marked with blue points on the face, chest and tail and may be silver gray, or gray with a few white markings on the head, neck and legs.

The American cat has a more conservatively designed body shape with rich colors including spots (known as “racing colors”), coupled with longer legs and feet; this makes it less agile or speedy than the British breed.

This breed of cat has a medium size body type and long legs that are well furred; this allows them to run in agility competitions where they perform tricks such as jumping over hurdles, running up tunnels or catching balls. The American Shorthair is also known to be a good mouser.

The British Shorthair, on the other hand, is relatively larger than the American Shorthair and has bigger paws, making it less agile in terms of speed and agility. This can also mean that it has better footing as well as ability to jump higher than the American Cat.

The British Cat is an active cat and needs plenty of play time such as running about or playing with toys to keep them from getting bored. They are very intelligent cats who are known to solve problems by themselves. This breed is also known to be very affectionate cats.

stripe black and brown cat standing while looking away

Both the American and British cat breeds are very playful and intelligent cats, even if they may have different personalities. Both breeds are also known to be very affectionate, but the British breed of cat is slightly more independent.

The American Shorthair is a fast breed that originally comes in the form of a medium sized cat with extensions for legs and paws. It has a short coat that can come in any color pattern. This cat was bred in an effort to produce cats with as much agility as possible, as well as make domestication of the wild cats easier by breeding them to domestic cats.

The name British Shorthair originated from their country of origin – the UK. The American Shorthair, on the other hand, uses their official breed title as their name. This cat breed is widely accepted in many countries around the world.

The American Cat is more athletic and agile, while the British Shorthair prefers to live life at a slower pace and more sedate lifestyle. In terms of popularity, the British Shorthair is more popular in the UK and Australia while the American Shorthair is more popular in the United States, central Europe, and France.

7 similarities between the american shorthair and the british shorthair cat

The similarities between the American Shorthair vs the British Shorthair cat are:

  1. Both breeds are known for having long coats that are quite tough and course; these types of cats love to be brushed regularly to keep their fur in top condition.
  2. The two breeds have relatively similar temperaments, with the American Shorthair being more popular in North America and Europe; while the British Shorthair is more popular in Australia and England.
  3. Both breeds have the same type of voice. They communicate best by meowing, but they are also capable of singing and trilling sounds while purring.
  4. The two breeds are around the same size and weight, with the American Shorthair being a bit heavier than the British Shorthair. This can be due to their different living environments – for instance, if you live in an apartment and cannot have a very large cat with its energetic personality, it is better to get an American Shorthair instead than a British Shorthair due to their more laid-back behavior.
  5. The two breeds have both been traditionally thought of as a friendly and snuggly pet, with Shorthairs being particularly friendly toward strangers and more affectionate. The British Shorthair tends to be more aloof with strangers.
  6. Both breeds have the same amount of fur, but the American Shorthair has a richer and thicker coat than the British Shorthair. This is likely why American Cats are better at keeping themselves warm during cold weather; British Cats tend to be smaller and tend to avoid cold weather.
  7. Both breeds are easy to groom and do not shed much. They need occasional combing to keep their coats tangle-free and clean. If you prefer cats that do not shed, you can definitely go for the American Shorthair as this breed does not shed fur as much as a British Shorthair.

Due to these similarities, it is easy to see why many people find it hard to distinguish between the American Shorthair vs the British Shorthair cat.

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8 main differences between the american shorthair and british shorthair cat

The main differences between the American Shorthair vs the British Shorthair are:

  1. The name of their country of origin – this should be one of the first things you check when trying to distinguish between these two breeds.
  2. The appearance and fur type – it is easy to tell apart the American Shorthair and the British with their different fur, body structure and head shape. The American Shorthair has a relatively longer body type with a more athletic figure; the British Shorthair, on the other hand, has a stocky build that is shorter in height with a short coat.
  3. They have different personalities; the American Shorthair is more agile and athletic while the British Shorthair is more laid-back and prefers to live life at a slower pace.
  4. They have different histories – this can be due to them being bred in different countries or by different people with different goals while breeding them.
  5. These two breeds have different fur patterns – the American Shorthair has a mixed breed of spots and stripes on its coat, while the British Shorthair has more stripes.
  6. The temperaments are different – The American Shorthair is more active, energetic and playful than the British Shorthair.
  7. They have different types of behavior and vocalization – the American Shorthair is more playful than the British Shorthair which tends to be more aloof.
  8. The two breeds used to look similar but they grew in different ways and evolved differently – The British Shorthair is still quite similar to its ancestors (the Angora) as it cannot climb as well as its counterpart.


The American Shorthair is more agile and athletic than the British Shorthair and it will be best for owners who want a cat that can run and jump around at times. Both cats are highly intelligent and need a playmate to keep them from getting bored. They can live together, but the American Shorthair would likely be better as a single pet due to its high level of energy.

The British Shorthair would be better as a household pet – you can have other cats at home, but it would best suit the more laid-back personality of this breed to live with humans who are less active and prefer a calmer lifestyle.

This cat breed can still be a great family pet, however. The British Shorthair would be amazing as a single pet that can snuggle up with you and fall asleep on your lap; if you are more active, it may also be a nice cat for an apartment.

The American Shorthair is used as the official breed title for the American Shorthair in most countries around the world, while the British Shorthair has at least one major country where it has its own official breed title: Australia. This distinction may have been given to the British Shorthair because of its popularity in Australia or due to the fact that some Australians prefer the British name for their cat compared to the local American name for their cat.

ash colored act sitting flat on the ground

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